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Velké Meziříčí


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Velké Meziříčí received its name from its favourable position at the site where watercourses intersected the ancient trade routes. From the 13th century, it grew as the administrative centre of the expansive dominium under the Romanesque-gothic castle of the lords of a powerful aristocratic house. It received its first municipal rights in 1408 and it became famous in 1415 when the Moravian Sheriff, Lacek of Kravaře, called a meeting of aristocrats in the town because of the complaints of the people against the imprisonment of John Huss in Constance. The town’s buildings, where renaissance houses and palaces have been erected on the originally gothic floor plans, bear witness to the prosperity of the town in the period from the 15th century to the start of the 17th century. The castle was transformed into a comfortable aristocratic seat at that time. In 1578, the Latin Lutheran Academy was opened next to the château and the Church of St. Nicholas, the town’s most valuable historical building, and the first of three synagogues were built. The fruits of humanism are represented by the work of the Utraquist Beneš Optát, the co-author of the first Czech grammar, or by the Moravian-Markoman mythology. The counterreformation also had its significant protagonists here: the brothers Mikuláš Sarkander and Jan Sarkander, the second of whom was later canonised. The town recovered only gradually after the Thirty Years War: only the château received a new baroque appearance during two sets of renovations at the start of the 18th century.

 

The rich cultural heritage belongs to the town’s oldest cultural layer. Not only the literary brethren were celebrated here, but also the bell founding of the master craftsmen Adam and Jakub Matouš, as was the work of the cantor Fr. Sedláček and the Cyrillic Associations which he established. The grandfather of Otakar Ostrčil sang the Czech national anthem “Kde domov můj” for the first time in Moravia here at the Slovanská beseda. The co-founder of Vesna in Brno, Antonín Vorel, increased our choral wealth in Our Songs (Naše písně). All Velké Meziříčí associations established their own orchestras and choirs. Leoš Janáček was involved in “Hlahol velkomeziříčský” which he established in 1901. This choir led by individuals trained and acknowledged by Janáček cooperated with J. Křička or Václav Kálik and it achieved its greatest success at the end of the 1930s. Performers such as Sádlo, Páleníček, Hudeček, Moravec, Rauch, Cecílie Strádalová, Hrubeš, Halíř, the Smetana Quartet and the Suk Quartet, philharmonic ensembles and many artists from abroad, such as Ars Antiqua de Paris, the Dresden Philharmonic or Svatoslav Richter have performed concerts in the town. The consciousness and general awareness of the strength of music endures and it has formed the attitudes of new young talents who are part of the new wave of the future.

 

At present, the town has twelve thousand inhabitants. Most of them work in the engineering, cosmetic, electrotechnical and foodstuffs industries. Since the second half of the 19th century, Velké Meziříčí has been called a town of schools. As well as the grammar school, the Světlá Hotel School and the Secondary School of Crafts and Services have a more than one-hundred-year tradition. If you visit Velké Meziříčí, you will find a rich history, beautiful nature and friendly people. Come and visit us and get to know the town and its environs on foot, by bicycle or on skis. We have prepared cycle trails, equestrian trails, sports fishing, sightseeing flights and a ski slope with artificial lighting.

 

The town’s cultural organisations have continued their activities based on the intensive social and cultural life of the past. They operate the town library, the museum, the cinema and the Jupiter Club cultural and social centre. They organise exhibitions, concerts and further significant cultural events. A number of ensembles and non-profit organisations are involved in the town’s mosaic of cultural life.

 

So welcome to Velké Meziříčí. We would like to take this opportunity to invite you to a number of our events. Lovers of good food and drink enjoy the traditional “Gastronomy Day” event. Don’t miss the annual European Festival of Philosophy with leading philosophers, with whom you can discuss the given topics. We are looking forward to seeing you here.

 

More information on city:

www.mestovm.cz

www.jupiterclub.cz

 

Kostel sv. Mikuláše

Kostel sv. Mikuláše

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